Definition and Treatment of Pustules
Pustules are small, inflamed, pus-filled, blister-like acne lesions on the surface of the skin.
They are most commonly seen in acne, although they can be a sign of any infection involving the skin.
Pustules appear on the skin as small, raised, reddened areas that typically have a whitish center. They may or may not be painful or tender to the touch.
Pus is caused by the breakdown of inflammatory cells produced by the body to fight infection. Typically, pus forms during the course of a bacterial infection.
Although neutrophils (type of immune system cell) initially engulf and kill bacteria, they themselves are eventually broken down and become a major constituent of pus.
All types of bacteria that cause disease are capable of producing infections that lead to pus.
Pustules are relatively common occurrences in acne sufferers. They may occur anywhere on the body, but most commonly in the usual acne areas such as the face, chest, the shoulders, the back, and over the breastbone), and in areas of increased sweating such as the groin and armpit.
Causes of Pustules
Sebaceous glands can usually be found in places of the skin where there is hair. However, it could also be found in other parts of the skin which is hairless.
There are some parts of the body where there are no sebaceous glands. This will include the soles of your feet and the palms of your hands.
Sebum is a fat-based oil which helps to moisturize your skin and your hair.
If there is no sebum, your hair would become thin and brittle. Without sebum your skin would become dry and leathery.
Sebum also allows the skin to retain its suppleness and maintains its resistance to water.
The function of the sebaceous glands is to produce sebum.
For various reasons, your sebaceous glands could become over active and excessive amounts of sebum are produced.
The sebaceous follicle is flooded with these excess sebum. A portion of this excess may combine with dead skin cells and bacteria leading to the formation of hardened plug.
The P. Acnes bacteria will lead to inflammation of the area around the follicle. Pustules are thus formed.
The inflamed area has a pink or reddish appearance. Sometimes the acne lesion contains a cap or white head.
Treatment of Pustules
Some pustules treatment methods include:
- Wash your face with a mild soap or facial cleanser and water twice a day
- Choose facial cleansers with salicylic acid which will help to remove the excess sebum from the infected areas and breaks down the hardened plugs.
- Use topical antibiotics according to a dermatologist’s prescription
- Use topical retinoids according to a dermatologist’s prescription
- Use topical benzoyl peroxide to help counteract the acne bacteria as well as removes the excess sebum
- A dermatologist can perform an acne surgery. This will relieve the acne lesions and treats them in a sterile setting.
- Use oral prescription acne medicines such as antibiotics to fight the infection. Oral contraceptives can be used for women to help reduce the frequency of outbreaks.
Pustules contain pus which is a substance consisting of sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells. Although unattractive, it will usually clear up after 2 to 3 days of proper treatment.
Popping or squeezing a pustule is not advisable. It can worsen the condition and increase the length of time to recovery.
The affected area on the skin may remain red, bruised or scabbed red, bruised or scabbed for an additional 3 to 5 days. If not done properly, it can lead to further infection and scarring.
If any acne surgery needs to be done, it should be done under the supervision of a physician or aesthetician and in a sterile environment.
If you feel bothered by the unsightly appearance of pustules, use a concealer to cover up.
The Adovia Blemish Treatment Concealer is both a concealer as well as a pimple treatment. It contains salicyclic acid and other minerals that will help heal your skin while evening out your skin tone. The super-opaque skin crème camouflages redness even while it helps treat the blemish with healing minerals and ingredients.
Although pustules are inflammatory acne, it is not alarming and it is not the most severe form of acne. They can be completely treated.
Skin Care for People with Acne
The key to skin care for people with acne is to have a strict skin care regime.
Maintain a good skin care routine, use appropriate good skin care products that have been formulated for acne prone skins and your skin condition will improve.